Wednesday, July 10, 2013

1307.2296 (A. W. Shafter et al.)

Extragalactic Nova Populations    [PDF]

A. W. Shafter, C. Curtin, C. J. Pritchet, M. F. Bode, M. J. Darnley
Nova rates have now been measured for more than a dozen galaxies spanning a wide range of Hubble types. When normalized to the infrared K-band luminosity of the galaxy, the luminosity-specific nova rates typically fall in the range of 1-3 novae per year per 10^10 solar luminosities in K, and do not vary significantly across the Hubble sequence. Preliminary nova rates are presented for three Virgo ellipticals (M49, M84, and M87) with differing globular cluster specific frequencies. No dependence of the luminosity-specific nova rate on globular cluster specific frequency was found. Photometric and spectroscopic observations of novae in the Local Group suggest that galaxies dominated by a younger stellar population (M33 and the LMC) are characterized by novae with a generally faster photometric evolution, and by a higher fraction of He/N novae compared with novae in M31. The recurrent nova population in the LMC appears to be higher than that seen in M31 and the Galaxy.
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