Monday, July 1, 2013

1306.6699 (Geumsook Park et al.)

Hi Shells and Supershells in the I-GALFA Hi 21-cm Line Survey: I. Fast-Expanding Hi Shells Associated with Supernova Remnants    [PDF]

Geumsook Park, Bon-Chul Koo, Steven J. Gibson, Ji-hyun Kang, Daria C. Lane, Kevin A. Douglas, Joshua E. G. Peek, Eric J. Korpela, Carl E. Heiles, Jonathan H. Newton
We search for fast-expanding Hi shells associated with Galactic supernova remnants (SNRs) in the longitude range l \approx 32\arcdeg to 77\arcdeg using 21-cm line data from the Inner-Galaxy Arecibo L-band Feed Array (I-GALFA) Hi survey. Among the 39 known Galactic SNRs in this region, we find such Hi shells in four SNRs: W44, G54.4-0.3, W51C, and CTB 80. All four were previously identified in low-resolution surveys, and three of those (excluding G54.4-0.3) were previously studied with the Arecibo telescope. A remarkable new result, however, is the detection of Hi emission at both very high positive and negative velocities in W44 from the receding and approaching parts of the Hi expanding shell, respectively. This is the first detection of both sides of an expanding shell associated with an SNR in Hi 21-cm emission. The high-resolution I-GALFA survey data also reveal a prominent expanding Hi shell with high circular symmetry associated with G54.4-0.3. We explore the physical characteristics of four SNRs and discuss what differentiates them from other SNRs in the survey area. We conclude that these four SNRs are likely the remnants of core-collapse supernovae interacting with a relatively dense (>~1 cm^-3) ambient medium, and we discuss the visibility of SNRs in the Hi 21-cm line.
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