Wednesday, May 29, 2013

1305.6509 (J. M. Girart et al.)

DR 21(OH): a highly fragmented, magnetized, turbulent dense core    [PDF]

J. M. Girart, P. Frau, Q. Zhang, P. M. Koch, K. Qiu, Y. -W. Tang, S. -P. Lai, P. T. P. Ho
We present high-angular-resolution observations of the massive star forming core DR21(OH) at 880 mum using the Submillimeter Array (SMA). The dense core exhibits an overall velocity gradient in a Keplerian-like pattern, which breaks at the center of the core where SMA 6 and SMA 7 are located. The dust polarization shows a complex magnetic field, compatible with a toroidal configuration. This is in contrast with the large, parsec-scale filament that surrounds the core, where there is a smooth magnetic field. The total magnetic field strengths in the filament and in the core are 0.9 and 2.1 mG, respectively. We found evidence of magnetic field diffusion at the core scales, far beyond the expected value for ambipolar diffusion. It is possible that the diffusion arises from fast magnetic reconnection in the presence of turbulence. The dynamics of the DR 21(OH) core appear to be controlled energetically in equal parts by the magnetic field, magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence and the angular momentum. The effect of the angular momentum (this is a fast rotating core) is probably causing the observed toroidal field configuration. Yet, gravitation overwhelms all the forces, making this a clear supercritical core with a mass-to-flux ratio of ~6 times the critical value. However, simulations show that this is not enough for the high level of fragmentation observed at 1000 AU scales. Thus, rotation and outflow feedback is probably the main cause of the observed fragmentation.
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