Monday, May 20, 2013

1305.3997 (Kastytis Zubovas et al.)

Supernovae in the Central Parsec: A Mechanism for Producing Spatially Anisotropic Hypervelocity Stars    [PDF]

Kastytis Zubovas, Graham A. Wynn, Alessia Gualandris
Several tens of hyper-velocity stars (HVSs) have been discovered escaping our Galaxy. These stars share a common origin in the Galactic centre and are distributed anisotropically in Galactic longitude and latitude. We examine the possibility that HVSs may be created as the result of supernovae occurring within binary systems in a disc of stars around Sgr A* over the last 100 Myr. Monte Carlo simulations show that the rate of binary disruption is ~10^-4 yr^-1, comparable to that of tidal disruption models. The supernova-induced HVS production rate (\Gamma_HVS) is significantly increased if the binaries are hardened via migration through a gaseous disc. Moderate hardening gives \Gamma_HVS ~ 2*10^-7 yr^-1 and an estimated population of ~20 HVSs in the last 100 Myr. Supernova-induced HVS production requires the internal and external orbital velocity vectors of the secondary binary component to be aligned when the binary is disrupted. This leaves an imprint of the disc geometry on the spatial distribution of the HVSs, producing a distinct anisotropy.
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